The Freedom Caucus


The Freedom Caucus, also known as the House Freedom Caucus, is a congressional caucus consisting of Republican members of the United States House of Representatives. It is generally considered to be the most conservative and farthest-right bloc within the House Republican Conference. The caucus was formed in January 2015 by a group of conservatives and Tea Party movement members, with the aim of pushing the Republican leadership to the right. Its first chairman, Jim Jordan, described the caucus as a "smaller, more cohesive, more agile and more active" group of conservative representatives. The caucus is positioned right-wing to far-right on the political spectrum, with some members holding right-wing populist beliefs, such as opposition to immigration reform. The group takes hardline conservative positions and favors social conservativism and small government. The group sought dozens of times to repeal the Affordable Care Act. Established as an ultra-conservative alternative to the Republican Study Committee, the group initially emphasized fiscal conservatism and concerns about House rules, favoring budget cuts and a decentralization of power within the House of Representatives. Later, the Freedom Caucus shifted its emphasis to loyalty to Donald Trump and became what Politico described as "more populist and nationalist, but less bound by policy principles". The caucus includes some members who are libertarians. The caucus supports House candidates through its PAC, the House Freedom Fund.
State Freedom Caucus Network
In December 2021, the Freedom Caucus officially expanded to the state level, establishing the 'State Freedom Caucus Network' in state legislatures to provide legislators with additional resources. The group has state-level caucuses in ten states: Arizona, Idaho, Georgia, South Carolina, Mississippi, South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Pennsylvania and Illinois. Aside from the caucuses affiliated with the State Freedom Caucus Network, several state-level caucuses describing themselves as the 'Freedom Caucus' exist in other state legislatures, including in Texas, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Georgia, Washington and Michigan.

Source: Wikipedia, Mar. 18, 2023

As of January 2023 Eli Crane (AZ-2), Andy Biggs (AZ-5), Debbie Lesko (AZ-8), Paul Gosar (AZ-9) were Arizona members of the House Freedom Caucus. Also, as of January 2023 Arizona State House of Representatives members included Rep. Jake Hoffman, Rep. Joseph Chaplik, Rep. John Fillmore, Rep. Jacqueline Parker, Rep. Cory McGarr, Rep. Barbara Parker, Rep. Rachel Jones, Rep. Alex Kolodin, Rep. Beverly Pingerelli, Rep. Austin Smith, Rep. Laurin Hendrix, Sen. Justine Wadsack and Sen. Anthony Kern. Total members may not be listed as some members are anonymous.

Source: State Freedom Caucus website. Feb. 2, 2023

Arizona Freedom Caucus Plans To Sue Hobbs Over Executive Order Protecting LGBTQ Employees
"The Arizona Freedom Caucus, an offshoot of the ultra-conservative Freedom Caucus in the U.S. House of Representatives, said Monday that it plans to sue Gov. Katie Hobbs for executive orders she issued in her first week on the job. Arizona Freedom Caucus Chairman and Queen Creek state Sen. Jake Hoffman accused Hobbs of attempting to legislate via “executive fiat.” Hobbs had issued four executive orders at the time. “If Katie Hobbs wants to legislate, she needs to get her butt out of the Governor’s Office and run for the legislature and come back and join us and do that job,” Hoffman told reporters on the grassy lawn in front of the state Senate. A woman in the crowd shouted back that Hobbs was “illegitimate” in response to Hoffman’s statement. Hoffman and the Arizona Freedom Caucus also vowed to “stand in (Hobbs’) way in every step of the process” if she continues to use executive orders. “You can bet your ass that will happen,” Hoffman said. The executive order that so enraged the Arizona Freedom Caucus is Hobbs’ first, part of her “First 100 Days Initiative,” which outlines the first 100 actions she plans to take in her first 100 days. Under the new order, the Arizona Department of Administration will reinforce nondiscrimination laws for state agencies, guarantee equal employment opportunities and establish updated procedures by April 1. New contracts and subcontracts with the state also have to include provisions to prevent discrimination. The provisions are aimed at ensuring there is no discrimination against LGBTQ workers."
Jan. 10, 2023
What Is The House Freedom Caucus?
"They have been likened by fellow Republicans to “lemmings with suicide vests”, “legislative terrorists” and the Taliban. When they formed a voting bloc in 2015 they considered naming themselves the “Reasonable Nut Job Caucus”. Members of the House Freedom Caucus, a troupe of about 50 far-right Republicans in America’s House of Representatives (out of 222 Republicans in the chamber), are unabashed agents of chaos. In this Congress they became kingmakers. Nineteen of the 20 lawmakers who forced 15 rounds of voting for the position of speaker belong to the group. Only after Kevin McCarthy granted them significant concessions did he win the job on January 7th. What is the Freedom Caucus—and what power do its members now wield? The caucus was formed by Republican members who considered the leadership of the House (then, as now, in Republican hands) too amenable to compromise with House Democrats and the Obama administration. Ironically the group was borne of frustration with the Republican Study Committee (rsc), a once similarly minded caucus established during the Nixon administration, which had lost its insurgent character. Unlike the rsc, the Freedom Caucus’s membership was secret and invitation-only. Its bylaws stressed unity: on certain measures, if four-fifths of members agreed to vote one way, all had to follow suit. Its defiance of the House leadership quickly earned punishment. Some of its members were stripped of committee assignments and denied party funds for re-election. Yet its ranks have swelled in recent years."
Jan. 9, 2023
Freedom Caucus Chair Andy Biggs Helped Plan January 6 Event, Lead Organizer Says
"The head of the House Freedom Caucus, Republican Rep. Andy Biggs of Arizona, helped plan the January 6 event that culminated in a storming of the Capitol, according to Ali Alexander, a lead organizer of the gathering. Alexander, a pro-Trump personality, was an early founder of the “Stop the Steal” movement and helped bring together various right-wing factions around a mass event on January 6, aimed to coincide with objections to the counting of Electoral College votes. Alexander made his claim in three separate livestreams in late December, adding that Reps. Paul Gosar of Arizona and Mo Brooks of Alabama were also involved. “We’re the four guys who came up with a January 6 event,” Alexander said. On December 8, the Arizona Republican Party boosted Alexander, asking supporters if they were willing to give their lives in the fight over the results of the presidential election. His claim is also buttressed by a fourth video from a December 19 rally at the Arizona State Capitol, at which Alexander played a video that Biggs had supplied. In the video, Biggs mentions Brooks as his ally in the fight. Gosar spoke in person at the event."
Jan. 11, 2021
House Freedom Caucus Members Move From The Fringe To Power
"House Freedom Caucus members were pariahs. But as the lines between the Republican fringe and the Republican mainstream blur, now they're ascendant."
Feb. 13, 2020

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